Key Stage 2 Unit 5 - Ancient Egypt

Learning, Listening, Composing & Evaluating Activities
Starter & Plenary Activities
Supporting Activities - Cover & Homework

Exploring Dynamics, Texture & The Harmonic Minor Scale

This unit contains a variety of ideas suitable for KS2 classes that wish to link their music with the history unit based on Ancient Egypt.  The activities all have a clear music focus and draw upon a history element as a starting point or stimulus.  Unlike other KS2 units, this unit does not attempt to explore music of the time, since at KS2 level, the historian would be relying heavily on supposition based upon wall paintings, artefacts and such like to ascertain what the music may or may not have sounded like!  Rather, the activities open up opportunities for the creation of pupil’s own music as a response to some of the stimuli associated with Ancient Egypt.  The unit begins with a focus on two elements of music - dynamics and texture which are explored using graphic scores in the shape of an Egyptian pyramid.  Pupils identify dynamics and texture and gradual changes within these two musical elements through listening, performing and composing and learn about the musical symbols used to show dynamics.  Pupils are then introduced to the harmonic minor scale with its characteristic “middle eastern” sound, exploring this through singing a round, accompanied by chords and ostinati patterns, towards a class performance, before listening to a range of “Egyptian-inspired” music.  The unit ends with a totally optional, but fun, activity exploring Ancient Egyptian dance and hand clapping to the popular song “Walk Like an Egyptian”.

Element Focus - Rhythm, Texture, Timbre & Dynamics, Melody & Harmony

Performing Activities - Songs & Scores


Sample Materials

Year 7 Resources

Year 8 Resources

Year 9 Resources

GCSE Music

Year 7 Baseline Assessment

Musical Contexts

Key Stage 2 Music Resources


Frequently Asked Questions


Scheme of Work

Lesson Plan (PDF)

Lesson Plan (DOC)

Lesson Bundles (ZIP)

Download all the resources you need for each lesson (excluding video files) in a ZIP file.

Click here for the latest version of WinZip..

Lesson 1

Exploring Dynamics through Pyramids

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson 1

Resource Bundle

Lesson 2

Exploring Texture & Egyptian Rhythms

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson 2

Resource Bundle

Lesson 3

Exploring Dynamics Musical Symbols

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson 3

Resource Bundle

Lesson 4

Exploring Dynamics & Textural Pyramids

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson 4

Resource Bundle

Lesson 5

Exploring the Harmonic Minor Scale

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson 5

Resource Bundle

Lesson 6

A Class Egyptian song Performance & Exploring Egyptian-inspired Music

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson 6

Resource Bundle








Worksheet 1

Listening to “The Bell” from ‘Tubular Bells II’


(uses Audio 3)

Worksheet 2

Listening for Dynamics in Egyptian Rhythm Patterns

(uses Audio 5)

Worksheet 3

A Dynamics and Texture Egyptian Pyramid Graphic Score

Worksheet 4

Egyptian Pyramid Texture & Dynamics Pieces Self Assessment Sheet

Worksheet 5

Listening for Dynamics and Texture in Music


(uses Audio 6)

Worksheet 6

Listening for Melodic Shape in Camel Driver


(uses Audio 2)

Worksheet 7

Camel Driver

Class Performance

Evaluation Sheet






Worksheet 8

Listening to Egyptian-inspired Music


(uses Audio 9)

Video 1 - “Walk Like an Egyptian” (The Bangles/Michael Jackson) (189 MB)

Video 2 - “Walk Like an Egyptian” (The Bangles Karaoke)

(23 MB)

Audio 10 - “Walk Like an Egyptian” (The Bangles)







Score 1 - Egyptian Rhythms (5 flashcards)

(also given on Presentation 1)

MIDI 5 - “Cleopatra” Rhythm         MIDI 6 - “Crocodile” Rhythm

MIDI 7 - “Two Pyramids” Rhythm      MIDI 8 - “Tutankhamen” Rhythm

MIDI 9 - “Isis” Rhythm       Audio 4 - All 5 rhythms separately

(each of the Egyptian rhythms given on MIDIs and Audio 4 are repeated 8 times)

Score 2

Egyptian Pyramid Graphic Scores

(2 complete and 2 blank)

Song Sheet 1 - Camel Driver

Parts modelled separately on Audio 2

Parts also modelled on the above MIDI tracks (each repeated twice)

MIDI1 - Part 1; MIDI 2 - Part 2; MIDI 3 - Part 3

MIDI 4 - all 3 parts together







Score 3

The E harmonic minor scale

MIDI 10 - The E harmonic minor scale

Score 4

Camel Driver - Melodic Parts & Chords

MIDI1 - Part 1; MIDI 2 - Part 2; MIDI 3 - Part 3

MIDI 11 - Chords in 4 parts (repeated 8 times)












Starter/Plenary 1

Egyptian Rhythm Dice Cut Up Sheet

(can be enlarged to A3)

Starter/Plenary 2

Dynamics Dice Cut Up Sheet

(can be enlarged to A3)

Starter/Plenary 3

Dynamics Poster


(can be enlarged for classroom display)

Starter/Plenary 4

Dynamics Card


Starter/Plenary 5

Egyptian Musical


Audio 7
Danse Bacchanale

from Samson et Dalila - Saint-Saens

Audio 8

Major or Minor?

Listening Quiz








Starter/Plenary 6

Egyptian Hand Clapping & Dance Images

Starter/Plenary 7

My Ancient Egypt Learning












Cover/Homework 1

The Trumpets of Tutankhamen

(taken from Year 9 Unit 6 - “Fanfares”)


(optional Video & Audio 1)

Cover/Homework 2



(taken from Year 7 Unit 10 - “Ladders”)

Cover/Homework 3

Tones & Semitones


(taken from Year 7 Unit 10 - “Ladders”)

Cover/Homework 4

Minor Scales


(taken from Year 7 Unit 10 - “Ladders”)