Performing Activities - Songs & Scores
Starter & Plenary Activities
Learning, Listening, Composing & Evaluating Activities
Supporting Activities - Cover & Homework

Secondary/Key Stage 3 Unit - Form and Structure

This unit begins by exploring question and answer phrases as one of the simplest types of musical structures.  Pupils learn about call and response and how musical question and answer phrases balance with each other to form a complete structure. Pupils move onto explore Binary Form exploring how musical contrast is achieved between two different sections and develop this into Ternary Form by repeating the first section at the end to form a musical “sandwich”.  Finally, pupils look at Rondo Form as a type of recurring musical structure and add contrasting melodic improvisations to a recurring “A” section. Throughout the unit, pupils listen to examples of music based on each of the musical structures they are exploring and compose and perform within these forms.  Particular emphasis in this unit is placed on staff notation and melody writing skills and pupils are encouraged to use staff notation or letter names when notating compositions.   Element Focus - Pitch, Texture, Melody & Harmony,  Structure & Form

Exploring Musical Structures

 Musical Contexts “IN ACTION”
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Starter/Plenary 1

Musical Structures Card Sort


(uses Audio 6)

Starter/Plenary 2




Starter/Plenary 3

George’s Bad Day

Starter/Plenary 4

Rondo Form Sandwich Poster

Starter/Plenary 5

Pitch & Duration Definition


Starter/Plenary 6

Treble & Bass Clef Pitch Flash Cards

Starter/Plenary 7

My Form & Structure










Song Sheet 1 Nsansa Censele

(Call & Response/

Q&A Song)


Nsansa Censele Song Melody


Score 1

Nsansa Censele


(Piano Accompaniment)


Nsansa Censele

Piano Accompaniment

Score 2

Binary Finary


Binary Finary

All Parts Together

Score 3

Catch a Falling Star


Catch a Falling Star

Melody Example










Score 4

The Pentatonic Rondo


The Pentatonic Rondo Melody

Score 5

Ternary Form Piece for Two Players


Ternary Form Piece for Two Players - both parts

Score 6




Twinkle, Twinkle Sandwich Melody

Song Sheet 2

Skye Boat Song


(Ternary Form Song)


Skye Boat Song

Song Melody









Score 7

A French “Noel” with a AABA Structure


A French “Noel” with a AABA Structure













Worksheet 1

Question and Answer Phrases


(uses MIDI 4 & 5)

Worksheet 1a

Question and Answer Phrases using the Black Notes (GAT)

Worksheet 2

Binary Form

Composing Sheet


(uses MIDI 3 & Audio 1)

Worksheet 3

Binary Composition Sheet

(based on Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy”)

(uses Audios 4 & 5)

Worksheet 4

Evaluating Pentatonic Rondos

Worksheet 5

Ternary Composition Sheet


(based on Dvorak’s “Largo”)







Worksheet 6

Form & Structure

Listening Sheet


(uses Audios 1 & 2)

Worksheet 7

Three-part Binary

Composing Sheet

Audio 3

Ternary Form Listening Example

Audio 7

Binary Form Listening Examples

Audio 8

Rondo Form Listening Example






Cover/Homework 1

Staves, Clefs and Notes

Cover/Homework 2

Musical Code


Cover/Homework 3


Cover/Homework 4

Notes and Note Names

Scheme of Work

Lesson Plan (PDF)

Lesson Plan (DOC)

Lesson Bundles (ZIP)

Download all the resources you need for each lesson (excluding video files) in a ZIP file.

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Lesson 1

Exploring Question & Answer Phrases

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson 1

Resource Bundle

Lesson 2

Exploring Binary Form

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson 2

Resource Bundle

Lesson 3

Exploring Musical Contrasts

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson 3

Resource Bundle

Lesson 4

Exploring Melody, Drone & Ostinato

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson 4

Resource Bundle

Lesson 5

Exploring Ternary Form

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson 5

Resource Bundle

Lesson 6

Exploring Rondo Form

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson 6

Resource Bundle






Y7U3 “Binary Form” Composition

Track Listings, Analysis and AFL Supporting Notes

Binary Composition

Pupil Audio 1

Level 2

Binary Composition

Pupil Audio 2

Level 3

Binary Composition

Pupil Audio 3

Level 4

Binary Composition

Pupil Audio 4

Level 5