This unit begins by establishing what is “Form and Structure” in music and why Form and Structure is important.  Through performing, composing, improvising and listening and appraising, pupils then explore four different musical structures:  Question and Answer Phrases, Binary Form, Ternary Form and Rondo Form. 


Pupils begin with an exploration into Question and Answer phrases as one of the simplest types of musical structures, relating this to Call and Response singing and how musical Question and Answer phrases balance with each other to form a complete structure.  Binary and Ternary Forms are then explores with an emphasis on how musical contrast is achieved between “A” and “B” sections revising the Elements of Music.  Rondo Form is explored as a type of recurring musical structure with pupils adding pentatonic improvisations as “Episodes” between a whole-class “A” section. 


There is an option to end the unit with pupils creating a “free composition” in a style/genre of their choice to clearly illustrate and demonstrate either Binary, Ternary or Rondo Form to a Year 6 class audience. 

Throughout the unit, pupils listen to examples of music based on Binary, Ternary and Rondo Forms and emphasis is placed on revising treble clef staff notation.

Exploring Musical Structures

Form and Structure - DOITNOW (Starters) and Plenary Activities

Form and Structure - “DOITNOW” Presentation


Cutting down on printables, file storage and media files, the “new look” Musical Contexts “DOITNOW” Form and Structure lesson openers Presentation contains  a wealth (only two samples shown here), of effective “DOITNOW’s” when delivering the Form and Structure unit in just one place - all audio and video files are embedded and there’s accompanying Teacher’s Notes in the “slide comments” section. 

Form and Structure - Music Theory and Melodic Dictation

Form and Structure Music Theory 1 - Musical Phrasing

All about musical phrasing and phrase marks as a type of musical Form and Structure

Form and Structure Melodic Dictation Exercises

Basic melodic dictation of Question and Answer Phrases and short Binary and Ternary Form examples using treble clef staff notation.  All of the audio examples are given on the accompanying audio file.

Form and Structure - Question and Answer Phrases

Form and Structure - Binary Form

Form and Structure - Ternary Form

Form and Structure - Rondo Form

Form and Structure - Cover and Homework Activities

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Form and Structure - Scheme of Work and Lesson Pathways

Form and Structure - Scheme of Work and Lesson Pathways

Includes Scheme of Work Overview, Unit Learning Objectives, Learning Outcomes and Lesson Pathways.

Form and Structure Music Theory 2 - Musical Forms and Structures

Six melodies to analyse in terms of musical forms and structures.

Form and Structure - 5 Minutes Silent Reading

For teachers who prefer to begin their lessons with quiet, focused openers.  All contain “Questions to Think About” which can also be used as Cover or Homework tasks.

1. Form and Structure in Music

2. Binary Form

3. Ternary Form

4. Rondo Form

5. Musical Phrasing

6. Treble Clef Pitch Notation

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Form and Strcuture - Plenary Review Activities

A series of lesson reviews where pupils review their learning and understanding.

Key Words, Concepts and Musical Knowledge

Q&A/Call and Response Phrases, Binary Form (AB), Ternary Form (ABA), Rondo Form (ABACADA..), Phrase, Melody, Harmony, Ostinato, Drone, Treble Clef Pitch Notation

Music Theory

Musical Forms and Structures - Binary (AB), Ternary (ABA), Rondo (ABACADA…)

Musical Phrases and Phrasing Markings. 

Links to GCSE Music

Musical Forms and Devices

Instrumental Music 1700-1820

Western Classical Tradition 1650-1910


Form and Structure Activity Sheet

Pupils identify musical structures from photos before designing their own to illustrate Binary, Ternary and Rondo Forms.  Also a key words word search

Can be done without using ICT.


Question and Answer Phrases

A 2-page worksheet introducing pupils to Question and Answer Phrases firstly through rhythm and then melody.  There are 4 Question and Answer Phrases for pupils to perform before pupils create their own simple Question and Answer Phrase.  Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 






Binary Form

Pupils perform a short A section and create their own B section showing awareness of musical contrasts between sections.

 Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

Binary Form - “Ode to Joy”

Pupils perform a short A section from Beethoven’s “Ode to Joy” and create their own B section from a given rhythm showing awareness of musical contrasts between sections.

 Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

Form and Structure Listening Sheet 1 - Binary Form

A listening activity based on “Overture” from ‘Messiah’ by Handel in Binary Form.

Answers given.


Audio 1 - “Overture” from ‘Messiah’ - Handel

Binary Finary

A three-part piece in Binary Form for Tuned Percussion/Keyboards.

 Full Teacher’s Notes provided. 

Creating a Three-Part Piece in Binary Form

Pupils create their own three-part piece in Binary Form in the style of “Binary Finary”.





Catch a Falling Star

Simple solo melodic piece in Ternary Form given with and without note names.  Pupils are encouraged to think about how they can provide further contrast when performing Section B. 


Catch a Falling Star MIDI - Melody Example

Ternary Form Piece for 2 Players

More complex melodic piece in Ternary form for 2 Players—can be performed on keyboards, pianos, tuned percussion or own instruments.


Ternary Form Piece for 2 Players MIDI - Both Parts Together

Twinkle Sandwich

Twinkle, twinkle little star given in Ternary Form in D Major.  Pupils are encouraged to think about their own “Backing Ideas” when performing.


Twinkle Sandwich MIDI—Melody Example

Form and Structure Listening Sheet 2 - Ternary Form

A listening activity based on Minuet and Trio from Symphony No.104—Haydn in Ternary Form.  Can be used with audio or video performance.  Answers given.


Audio 2 - Minuet and Trio from Symphony No.104—Haydn

Video 1 - Minuet and Trio from Symphony No.104—Haydn



The Rondo Rap

A great activity for pupils to explore Rondo Form!  Pupils rap/chant a class “A” section in unison and volunteers improvise contrasting episodes to form a class Rondo. 

Rondo Rap Audio - Hip Hop Backing Beat

The Pentatonic Rondo

Pupils learn a class “A” section in unison based on a Pentatonic Scale which is then performed with solo improvised episodes to form a class Rondo.


The Pentatonic Rondo MIDI - A section melody example


“The Fast Food Song”

Also known as “The Pizza Hut Song”, this well-known song (with optional added actions!) is a good example of a song with verses in Binary Form with both the A and B sections repeated.