Secondary/Key Stage 3 Unit - Hammers & Gongs

This unit introduces pupils to the timbres, rhythms, melodies and structure of the Indonesian Gamelan.  Pupils begin by exploring the cultural context of Gamelan before learning about the “interlocking” structure of Gamelan melodies, performing and composing their own “interlocking” melody parts.  After further exploration into the timbres and roles of different Gamelan instruments, pupils work towards a class Gamelan-style performance of a traditional piece - “Bendrong” - supported by helpful video sequences demonstrating the different parts.  Finally, pupils use their learning from the unit to compose their own Gamelan-style group piece based on one of the two most commonly used Gamelan scales.  Element Focus - Rhythm, Pitch, Texture, Timbre & Dynamics

Learning, Listening, Composing & Evaluating Activities
Performing Activities - Songs & Scores
Starter & Plenary Activities
Supporting Activities - Cover & Homework

WCS Virtual Gamelan

A great way to learn about and explore the Gamelan, especially if you’re short of tuned percussion instruments for performances!!  Download from the link above or for PC or Mac using the links below

Exploring Indonesian Gamelan


FREE Sample Materials

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Lesson Plan (PDF)

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Lesson Bundles (ZIP)

Download all the resources you need for each lesson (excluding video files) in a ZIP file.

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Lesson 1

Exploring the sounds of Gamelan

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson 1

Resource Bundle

Lesson 2

Exploring Tuned Percussion Damping Techniques and Interlocking Melodies

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson 2

Resource Bundle

Lesson 3

Exploring Instruments of Gamelan

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson 3

Resource Bundle

Lesson 4

Exploring a class Gamelan performance

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson 4

Resource Bundle

Lesson 5

Exploring Gamelan Scales

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson 5

Resource Bundle

Lesson 6

Exploring Gamelan Performances

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson 6

Resource Bundle




Cover/Homework 1

Gamelan Music

Cover/Homework 2

Gamelan Music Research

Cover/Homework 3

Gamelan Music of Indonesia








Starter/Plenary 1

Gamelan Music

Fill in the missing words

Video 1

Gamelan Galura



Video 2




Video 8

Bendrong demonstration of Wilet changes


Starter/Plenary 2

Who? What? Where? When?


Audio 2

Subo Kastawa

Audio 3

Ricik - Ricik







Audio 4

Dholo - Dholo

Starter/Plenary 3

Play, Ring, Damp!

Audio 5


(simple version)

Starter/Plenary 4

Gamelan Instruments Card Sort

(Uses Audio 6)

Starter/Plenary 5 - Gamelan Scales


(Uses Audio 7 - Javanese Gamelan Music in the Slendro Scale & Audio 8 - Javanese Gamelan Music in the Pelog Scale)

Starter/Plenary 6

Listening to “Drum & Bass” Gamelan


(Uses Audio 9)








Starter/Plenary 7

My Gamelan Learning












Score 1 - Kotčkan

Three Interlocking Melodies

(MIDi 1 - Interlocking Melody 1

MIDI 2 - Interlocking Melody 2

MIDI 3 - Interlocking Melody 3)

Score 2 - Merry Christmas, Mr Lawrence


(MIDI 4 - Merry Christmas, Mr Lawrence Melody)


(example on Audio 1)

Score 3 - Bandrangan


(MIDI 5 - all parts repeated 4 times)

Score 5

Twinkle, Twinkle


MIDI 15 - all parts together



Score 4 - Bendrong (parts and full score)

Video 3 - Kempul & Gong Parts (34MB);        Video 4 - Jengglong Parts (59MB);     Video 5 -  Saron (Lancaran) Parts (52MB);       Video 6 - Saron (Caruk) Parts (59MB);        

Video 7 - Saron (Ciaseman) Parts (70MB);       Video 9 - Bendrong played by the whole group (153MB)

Each of the MIDI parts for “Bendrong” contains a metronome pulse with a bell on the first beat of each 8-beat cycle together with an 8-beat introduction and each part repeated twice:

MIDI 6 - Kempul & Gongs Parts;       MIDI 7 - Jengglong Part 1;          MIDI 8 - Jengglong Part 2;          MIDI 9 - Saron (Lancaran) Part 1;      MIDI 10 - Saron (Lancaran) Part 2;

MIDI 11 - Saron (Caruk) Part 1;       MIDI 12 - Saron (Caruk) Part 2;       MIDI 13 - Saron (Ciaseman) Part 1;     MIDI 14 - Saron (Ciaseman) Part 2







Worksheet 1

Gamelan End of Unit Assessment


(Uses Audio 10)

Worksheet 2

Gamelan Research


Worksheet 3

Two Example Pupil Research Projects on Gamelan

Worksheet 4

Listening to Gong Parts in Gamelan


(Uses Videos 3 (34MB) & 4 (59MB))

Worksheet 5

What is Gamelan Music?

Worksheet 6

Composing an Interlocking Melody








Worksheet 7

Listening to Kebogiro


(Uses Audio 5)

Worksheet 8

Composing a Gamelan-style Piece

Worksheet 9

Evaluating Gamelan-style Pieces