This unit is all about Scales!  Pupils begin with the Pentatonic scale and learn and explore this through integrated activities of listening, performing, composing and improvising.  Pupils move onto the Chromatic scale and learn about tones and semitones before exploring and identifying the difference between major and minor scales.  Pupils learn about the whole tone scale and how the composer Debussy used this in impressionist music and the connection between impressionist art and music.

Element Focus - Pitch, Melody & Harmony, Timbre & Dynamics

Secondary/Key Stage 3 Unit - Ladders

Pentatonic Scale Activities (Lessons 1 & 2)
Major & Minor Scale Activities (Lessons 5, 6 & 7)
Whole Tone Scale & Impressionism Activities (Lessons 8, 9 & 10)
Chromatic Scale Activities (Lessons 3 & 4)

Exploring Scales

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Scheme of Work

Lesson Plan (PDF)

Lesson Plan (DOC)

Lesson Bundles (ZIP)

Download all the resources you need for each lesson (excluding video files) in a ZIP file.

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Lesson 1

Exploring the Pentatonic Scale

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson 1

Resource Bundle

Lesson 2

Exploring the Pentatonic Scale

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson 2

Resource Bundle

Lesson 3

Exploring the Chromatic Scale

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson 3

Resource Bundle

Lesson 4

Exploring the Chromatic Scale

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson 4

Resource Bundle

Lesson 5

Exploring Major Scales

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson 5

Resource Bundle

Lesson 6

Exploring Major Scales

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson 6

Resource Bundle

Lesson 7

Exploring Minor Scales

Lesson Plan 7

Lesson Plan 7

Lesson 7

Resource Bundle

Lesson 8

Exploring the Whole Tone Scale & Impressionism

Lesson Plan 8

Lesson Plan 8

Lesson 8

Resource Bundle

Lesson 9

Exploring the Whole Tone Scale & Impressionism

Lesson Plan 9

Lesson Plan 9

Lesson 9

Resource Bundle

Lesson 10

Exploring the Whole Tone Scale & Impressionism

Lesson Plan 10

Lesson Plan 10

Lesson 10

Resource Bundle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starter/Plenary 1

Knock, Knock!

Score 1

Once a Man

Melodic Score & Chords

(Song Melody on MIDI 3)

Starter/Plenary 2

Which notes are these?

 

(Song Melody on MIDI 4)

Starter/Plenary 3

From Poem to Song

Worksheet 1

Once a Man Pentatonic Melody Composing Sheet

Score 3

Pentatonic Songs and Melodies

Worksheet 3

Listening to “Pagodes”

 

(Uses Audio 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starter/Plenary 6

Pentatonic Scale Ladders Poster

(can be used throughout lessons 1 & 2)

Song Sheet 4

The Siamese Cat Song

(Taken from Year 7 Unit 6 - “Chinese Music”)

Cover/Homework 7

Pentatonic Scale Composing Sheet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starter/Plenary 10 Impressionist Art

Audio 13 - Impressionist Music

 

(Also given on Presentations 1 & 2 for display)

Worksheet 10

The Whole Tone Scale

 

(Uses Audio 14)

Worksheet 9

Accompaniments and Cluster Chords

Audio 15

Gymnopedies - Satie

Cover/Homework 8

Impressionism

Worksheet A

Using Audacity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starter/Plenary 11

Impressionist Art

 

 

(Also given on Presentation 3)

Starter/Plenary 12

The Whole Tone Scale

 

(Also given on Presentation 4)

Starter/Plenary 13

The Whole Tone Scale Ladders Poster

Audio 16

Music which uses the Whole Tone Scale

Worksheet  11

Impressionist Pieces Self Evaluation Sheet

Worksheet 12

Scales & Ladders

Assessment

Starter/Plenary 14

My Ladders Learning

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starter/Plenary 5

C Major and minor scales

Warm-Up

Audio 8

“Ode to Joy” from Beethoven’s 9th Symphony

Song Sheet 5—Joyful, Joyful

Score 5 - Ode to Joy

 

(Melody of “Ode to Joy” on MIDI 10)

(Melody & Chords of “Ode to Joy” on MIDI 11)

Starter/Plenary 8

Major Scales Ladders Poster

Worksheet 5

Major Scales

Audio 9

Step or Leap?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cover/Homework 6

Step & Leap Composing Sheet

Score 6 - Pavane for Jack Point

Worksheet 6 - Jack Point Composing Sheet

 

(Melody on MIDI 12; Drone & Melody on MIDI 13)

Song Sheet 1

Frozen Food

 

 

(Song Melody on MIDI 1)

Audio 10

Minor to Major

Worksheet 7

Minor Scales

Score 7

Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star in C Major and C minor

(Example on Audio 11)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Starter/Plenary 9

Minor Scales

Ladders Poster

Worksheet 8

Assessing Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star

Audio 12

Major or Minor?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Song Sheet 2

Dem Bones

 

(Song Melody on MIDI 2)

Song Sheet 3

When I’m 64

 

(Song Melody on MIDI 5 & Full Song on Audio 1)

Score 2

Three Chromatic Melodies to Perform

 

(Samples from Songs on Audio 2 & Melodic Lines on

MIDI 6, 7 & 8)

Worksheet 2

Semitones

Starter/Plenary 4

Introducing the Chromatic Scale

 

(Uses Audio 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cover/Homework 1

The Beatles

(Levels 3 & 4)

 

Cover/Homework 2

The Beatles Word Search

Cover/Homework 3

The Beatles

(Level 5+/GAT)

Cover/Homework 4

Chromaticism

Audio 5

“I Can” - Nas

 

Audio 6 - “Für Elise”

Score 4 - “Für Elise”

 

(Melody on MIDI 9)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Worksheet 4

Listening to “L’aprés-midi d’un Faune”

(Uses Audio 7)

Cover/Homework 5

Tones & Semitones

Starter/Plenary 7

Chromatic Scale Ladders Poster

(can be used throughout lessons 3 & 4)