Key Stage 2 Unit 6 Ancient Greece

Learning, Listening, Composing & Evaluating Activities
Starter & Plenary Activities

Exploring Triple Time, the Pentatonic Scale and the Leitmofif

This unit contains a variety of ideas suitable for KS2 classes that wish to link their music with the history unit based on Ancient Greece.  The activities all have a clear music focus and draw upon a history element as a starting point or stimulus.  Like Unit 5 “Ancient Egypt”, this unit does not attempt to explore music of the time, since at KS2 level, the historian would be relying heavily on supposition based upon wall paintings, artefacts and such like to ascertain what the music may or may not have sounded like!  Rather, the activities open up opportunities for the creation of pupil’s own music as a response to some of the stimuli associated with Ancient Greece.  The unit begins with an exploration into triple time - inspired by the three prongs on Poseidon’s trident.  Pupils use the repeating sequence of the border from a Greek plate to perform and compose rhythms in triple metre.  Pupils then move onto explore the Pentatonic Scale (made up of two Greek words in itself! - “pente” (five) and “tonic” (tone)), creating and performing pentatonic melodies, again using the border pattern of a Greek plate to structure their pieces.  Pupils then move onto explore the leitmotif, used to represent a certain character.  Using the features, attributes, associations and characteristics of various Greek gods and goddesses, pupils create their own leitmotifs to represent these through music and sound.  Finally, pupils explore the Greek myth of “Perseus and Medusa”.  Firstly, pupils hold a class competition to create a leitmotif for the hero, Perseus, using the Pentatonic Scale and Triple Time.  Next, they create leitmotifs for other characters within the myth and sound effects for different situations, while the “winning Perseus leitmotif” group adapt their leitmotif to respond to the different situations the hero finds himself in.  This culminates in a class performance – a narrated tale with leitmotifs and sound effects being performed at the appropriate points.  The unit ends with pupils exploring “Greek-inspired” music from a range of different times and places.

Element Focus - Rhythm,  Pitch, Timbre & Dynamics, Structure & Form

Performing Activities - Songs & Scores


Sample Materials

Year 7 Resources

Year 8 Resources

Year 9 Resources

GCSE Music

Year 7 Baseline Assessment

Musical Contexts

Key Stage 2 Music Resources


Frequently Asked Questions


Scheme of Work

Lesson Plan (PDF)

Lesson Plan (DOC)

Lesson Bundles (ZIP)

Download all the resources you need for each lesson (excluding video files) in a ZIP file.

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Lesson 1

Exploring Triple Time & Rhythms through Greek Plate Patterns

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson Plan 1

Lesson 1

Resource Bundle

Lesson 2

Exploring the Pentatonic Scale

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson Plan 2

Lesson 2

Resource Bundle

Lesson 3

Exploring Leitmotifs for the Greek Gods


Lesson Plan 3

Lesson Plan 3

Lesson 3

Resource Bundle

Lesson 4

Exploring a Leitmotif for Perseus


Lesson Plan 4

Lesson Plan 4

Lesson 4

Resource Bundle

Lesson 5

Exploring the Myth of Perseus & Medusa

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson Plan 5

Lesson 5

Resource Bundle

Lesson 6

A class performance of “The Myth of Perseus & Medusa” & exploring Greek-inspired music

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson Plan 6

Lesson 6

Resource Bundle








Worksheet 1

Greek Gods Leitmotif Composing Cards

Worksheet 2

Greek Gods & Goddesses Rhythm Matching

Worksheet 3

Greek Plate

Composing Sheet

Worksheet 3a

Example Greek Plate Composition


(Example on MIDI 5)

Worksheet 4

Evaluating Greek Plate Compositions

Audio 9

The Myth of Perseus and


(with thanks to the BBC)

Worksheet 5

Composing a

Leitmotif for Perseus








Worksheet 6

The Myth of Perseus and Medusa Transcript

(given on Audio 10)

Worksheet 7

The Myth of Perseus and Medusa Performance Plan

(also on Presentation 3)

Worksheet 8

Evaluating Greek Gods Leitmotifs

Worksheet 9

The Myth of Perseus and Medusa Composing Cards

Worksheet 10

The Myth of Perseus and Medusa Evaluation Sheet

Worksheet 11

Listening to “Greek-inspired” Music


(Uses Audio 12)






Song Sheet 1 - Songs & Rounds in 3 Time

Audio 1 - Music is Fun;      MIDI 1 - Music is Fun (as a 4-part round)

Audio 2 - Kite Flying High (with ostinato);     MIDI 2 - Kite Flying Higher (as a 3-part round)

Audio 3 - Trav’lin’ Round (with ostinato);        MIDI 3 - Trav’lin’ Round (as a 4-part round)

Score 1

Poseidon’s Greek Plate Rhythm Score

(Also given on Presentation 1)

Score 2

The Pentatonic


(Also given on Presentation 2)

Score 3

Knock Knock!


(Example on MIDI 4)








Starter/Plenary 1

Poseidon and his Trident

Audio 4

Slow Waltz - Don’t Close your Eyes

Audio 5

Moon River - Andy Williams

Audio 6

Sleeping Beauty Waltz - Tchaikovsky

Audio 7

2 beats or 3?

Audio 8



Starter/Plenary 2

Listening to Music describing the Greek Gods

(uses Audio 11)








Video 1

Clash of the Titans

(original and remake comparison)

Perseus slays Medusa scene

(144 MB)

Starter/Plenary 3

My Ancient Greece